decades the Jews have been openly praying at the Wailing Wall for their temple
to be rebuilt. And the Moslems, knowing
that the only place this temple can be rebuilt is where the Dome of the Rock
now stands, have, over the years, expressed grave concern about the Jews
praying after this fashion at this particular location. Sometimes the matter breaks out into open,
hostile actions, such as the much-publicised outbreak of violence which
occurred October 8, 1990 when several thousand Moslems moved toward the
at the centre of the Arab-Israeli dispute over the old city of
In one sense of the word though, it matters little what Moslems, Jews, or the nations at large do about the matter today, for, according to the Scriptures, during the first year of the Tribulation the Jews are going to build a temple on this mount (Dan. 8: 11-14).
all, the temple must stand where the Dome of the Rock now stands, something
unthinkable within the framework of the current status of events in the
But in That Day
For Jehovah will have
compassion on Jacob, and will yet choose
first eight verses in Isaiah, chapter fourteen very briefly describe conditions
which will exist after the time of Jacobs trouble
has passed and the
cities figure prominently in events on earth during the 2,600-year period
covering the times of the Gentiles:
first king of
How hath the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased! ...
is the fate awaiting Antichrist,
THE LAST DAYS OF
is referred to by name six times in the Book of Revelation (14:8; 16:19; 17:5; 18: 2, 10, 21), and the manner
in which Babylon is presented in this book must be consistent with the way
Babylon is presented in the Book of Daniel, or elsewhere in the Old
Testament. The Babylon of Revelation, as
the Babylon of Daniel, must refer to a kingdom centered in a city on the
Euphrates in the
something else must be borne in mind about
is a religious power in Revelation, chapter
seventeen called, Mystery Babylon the Great,
the Mother of Harlots and Abominations of the Earth, which some
expositors have identified as religious Babylon,
opposed to political Babylon in chapter eighteen. However, this is not really the way Scripture
presents the matter. Scripture does not
make such a separation. Rather, in
Scripture, there is an inseparable identification, one with the other. The religious power is identified in synonymous
terms with the literal,
physical city of
1. THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS
This false religious system is identified after a fashion which would not be correct for identifying any other false religious system in the world the Mother of Harlots. Though all false religious systems can trace their roots, after some fashion, back to an origin in Babylon (all false systems operate in opposition to Gods true system, something which had its beginning in Babylon [cf. Gen. 11: 1-5), there can be only one Mother; and she appears at the end of the age in Babylon.
thing which allows this false
religious system to be looked upon as the Mother
is her inseparable identification with
the false religious system in view in Rev. 17:1ff,
apart from possessing this direct association with
is one thing which will prevent anyone from identifying the false religious
system in Rev. 17: 1-7 with the Church of
Rome, as so many expositors attempt to do.
using Rev. 17: 9 as a verse locating this
false system in
But Scripture clearly teaches something entirely different. The verse immediately following (v. 10) goes on to state, And there [lit., they (the seven heads, symbolized by seven mountains)] are seven kings. A mountain is often used in Scripture to symbolize a kingdom (Isa. 2: 24; Dan. 2: 35, 44, 45), and in Rev. 17: 9 this word is used to symbolize a succession of kings in the kingdom (Antichrist will be the seventh ‑ the seventh head, mountain).
can be no allusion whatsoever to
this dispensation is over and God resumes His dealings with
(Aside from viewing the matter after this fashion, Gods dealings with the Church on earth at the time of the rapture will have been completed. And it would, accordingly, be dispensationally incorrect to have God complete His dealings with the Church on earth, resume His dealings with Israel, but yet single out the pseudo-Church [the Church of Rome in this case] as an entity to occupy a special place within His dealings at that time.)
The last king of Babylon will arise in the Middle East and reign from a city located in the midst of Moslem nations in that part of the world (his rise and activity in a Middle East setting is the consistent teaching of both Daniel and Revelation); and ten of these nations, forming his ten-kingdom confederacy, will have one mind and give unto Antichrist their power and strength as he sits on Satans throne in Babylon (Rev. 13: 2; 17:13).
ten nations will undoubtedly be OPEC nations in control of particularly the
Gulf oil, for Antichrist will possess a power-base of such a nature that he
will be able to exert practically unlimited control over the nations of the
world; and controlling the
(One other thing which will undoubtedly fit into Antichrists power-base is the fact that over the past several decades the OPEC nations have converted a large part of their oil profits into Western holdings ‑ real estate, numerous business enterprises, etc. This has occurred on such a large scale that, even today, some individuals in high positions of state in the West have expressed concern.)
A) Islam and Government
the harlot is associated with Antichrist in this
In Moslem countries there is no separation between the government and the religious faith of the people, as in the West. Islam permeates every aspect of society, becoming an integral part of life within that society, including the government. Religion encompasses everything, and the Moslem clerics, resultingly, find themselves inseparably linked with state government.
a Moslem state such as
dominance within government is something which already exists to some degree in
all Middle East Moslem countries, and this same situation will exist after the
fashion described in Rev. 17:1ff within
these same countries during the days of Antichrist. The harlot will, in that day, not only be
carried by the Beast (Antichrist) but will also be seated upon many waters, identified as peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues (vv. 1, 15). That is, the harlot will exert control over
the entire system of that day through the central political leader; which is to
say, the real governmental power will reside in the Moslem clerics in the ten-kingdom
Middle East confederacy as they exert control over Antichrists movements and
actions while he reigns as the last king of
They will be instrumental in controlling his movements at the time he breaks his covenant with Israel, envisioning, through his power, to at last be able to reclaim the land of Palestine for Allah. And not only this, but these Moslem clerics will also envision using Antichrists power to realize the ultimate goal of Islam ‑ that of bringing the entire world under subjection to Allah through Islamic dominion and control.
such will not occur. Sometime during the
last half of the Tribulation the great whore
is going to be destroyed by the very ten-kingdom confederacy over which she
exerted control. The religious system
will be destroyed (allowing all worship to be directed toward the Beast alone),
but the city of
B) Islam and Anti‑Semitism
Islam is the most anti-Semitic religious system the world has ever known; and, along with its anti-Semitism, this religious system, immediately before it is destroyed, is also presented as being drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus (Rev. 17: 6). The harlot, along with seeking to do away with Israel through Antichrist (being the power behind the power as Antichrist and his ten-kingdom confederacy seek to cut Israel off from being a nation, that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance [Psa. 83: 41), will apparently also have a part in Antichrist;s martyrdom of innumerable individuals saved under the ministry of the 144,000 Jews proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom during the Great Tribulation.
(The preceding reveals that the harlot will still be present and very active during at least a part of the last half of the Tribulation, for it is during this last half that the 144,000 will proclaim their message worldwide. There will be Beast-worship throughout the last three and one-half years [Rev. 13: 4, 5], but the most intense Beast-worship [Rev. 13: 15] will probably occur after the harlot has been destroyed.)
In the final analysis, there is always a price which must be paid for acts such as the harlot will commit; and God is going to extract that price by putting it within the hearts of the ten rulers giving their power and strength unto Antichrist to fulfil His will by destroying the harlot. These ten rulers will, supernaturally, be caused to hate the whore, resulting in their bringing about her utter destruction. As described by John, they will make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire (Rev. 17:16, 17).
Insofar as Islam is concerned, the outworking of the God‑ordained principle surrounding anti-Semitism in Gen. 4:15; 12:3 will be brought to pass after this fashion; and Islam, identified in synonymous terms with Babylon, will then cease to exist.
the Book of Revelation, in somewhat
brief form, describes this destruction at the time it occurs during the coming
Day of the Lord. This book does not go
into great detail concerning
matter is similar to that which the Book of Revelation records about Christs
return and millennial reign (19:11-20:6). These
events actually take up very little space in this book, though they form a
central subject of Old Testament Scripture, beginning with Genesis. And the reason very little space is given to
this overall subject in the Book of Revelation is evident. All of the information surrounding Christs
return and millennial reign has already been provided by the prophets. The Apostle John, as in the account concerning
city itself appears to be destroyed very near the end of the Tribulation. And when this city is destroyed ‑ when
the Stone cut out of the
mountain without hands smites the image upon its feet ‑ the kings of the earth are not the only ones who wail and
lament. The merchants
of the earth do likewise (vv. 11‑19).
Everything will be controlled from this one central place by one man through ten kings, as they have one mind with the Beast and give their power and strength unto him. And this control will extend worldwide to the extent that no man will be able to buy or sell unless he possesses the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name (Rev. 13: 17).
on earth under this mans reign will rapidly deteriorate, as described under
the opening of the second, third, and fourth seals in Rev.
6: 3‑8. Peace will first be taken from the earth (vv. 3, 4), an apparent reference to the time when
this man breaks his covenant of peace in the
The merchants of the earth though, through their
will all occur during the time Jews are being sold as slaves throughout the
Gentile world. And who could afford to
buy a Jewish slave during that day, outside of those prospering as a direct result
of their association with that great city
And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone,
and cast it into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city
And it is no wonder that the next thing which will occur, according to that which John was allowed to see in the future Day of the Lord, will be rejoicing in heaven over the destruction of this city:
And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia; Salvation, and glory, and honour, and power, unto the Lord our God: For true and righteous are his judgments: for he hath judged the great whore ... (Rev. 19:1ff).
THE RESTORATION OF
This will occur after two days [after two thousand years], dating from the time Israel crucified her Messiah; and it will be in the third day [in the third one-thousand-year period], dating from the crucifixion, that Israel will be raised up to live in Gods sight (Hosea 6: 1, 2). This third one-thousand-year period will be the seventh millennium dating from Adams creation, which will be the Sabbath rest presently awaiting the people of God (Heb. 4: 4-9; cf. Ex. 31: 12-17).
1. REBORN, REGATHERED, AND REESTABLISHED
day is coming when it will no longer be said, The Lord
liveth, that brought up the children of
There are two great deliverances of the Israelites in Scripture. One deliverance is past, and the other is future. The first deliverance was under Moses, and the second will be under the One greater than Moses, the Lord Jesus Christ.
past deliverance constitutes an overall type
of the future deliverance. Moses is a
type of Christ, and
events on both sides of the actual deliverance from
type has been set, and the antitype must follow the type in exact detail.
will deal with His people in relation to the sin problem first. This is the way it was done in
seven feasts of the Lord in Lev. 23
constitute the prophetic calendar of
(Note the brazen altar and brazen laver in the courtyard of the tabernacle, or the two washings [the complete body, and parts of the body] in John 13: 5‑11. The thought is the same in the first two festivals of the Lord.)
will be provided for
Prior to Israels day of atonement, the resurrection of Old Testament saints will occur (the feast of firstfruits [1 Cor. 15: 23]), the Spirit of God will be poured out on all flesh (the feast of Pentecost [Acts 2: 1, 15-21]), and the Israelites will be regathered from a worldwide dispersion (the feast of trumpets [Matt. 24: 30, 31]). Then cleansing will be provided for the nation (the day of atonement [Ezek. 36: 24ff]) immediately prior to the fulfilment of the feast of tabernacles (the seventh and last of the feasts of the Lord).
feast of tabernacles was a time of rest in the camp of
2. ISHMAEL AND ISAAC AT PEACE
The present Arab-Israeli dispute is the most intractable problem that there is. (James Baker, U.S. Secretary of State March, 1991.)
leaders of nations worldwide recognize that
problem has its roots buried 4,000 years in human history, and it is a problem
which man will never be able to solve. There
though is a solution, which
will be brought to pass when
the chronology of events in typology, Ishmael died after Abraham remarried (Gen. 25: 1, 17). Abrahams remarriage, in the chronology of
events in Gen. 21-25, points to that future
in that coming day, when the antitype of Gen. 25:
1, 17 comes to pass,
ARLEN L. CHITWOOD: (Focus on the Middle East, pp. 49-60.)