The Prophecies of Daniel










* “EDWARD CROSSLEY, M..P., was a wealthy carpet manufacturer of Halifax and owned a large house and grounds on the outskirts of Ryde known as “Southwood”.  When he became acquainted with Prophetic Truth he resigned his seat in the House of Commons and withdrew from all worldly connections and built the Chapel at Ryde in 1894.  He was deeply conscious of the difficulty of dealing with so vast a subject within the compass of a brief tract.  He therefore strongly recommended the reader to study larger works upon the subject, especially Tregelles on Daniel”.


                          – S.G.A.T.






The foremost governmental position in the earth, possessed by the people of Israel, and exemplified in the typical reigns of David and Solomon, was taken away and given to the Gentile Nations when Zedekiah, King of Judah, was carried captive to Babylon, and the words were addressed to Nebuchadnezzar, “the God of Heaven hath given thee a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory”.



In the second chapter of the Book of Daniel we have a general account of the nature of the governmental power of the four great Gentile Empires, from the beginning to the end.  In the seventh chapter we are told more particularly how this governmental power is made use of during the whole of this period.  The eighth chapter gives us special information respecting the second and third great Empires, and the final evil condition of the Gentile age, under the domination of “the little horn”.  We are also informed how the Gentile power is made use of in oppressing the Jewish nation, and in persecuting the saints of God, until it is swept away from the face of the earth in judgment to make way for the Millennial Kingdom.



The settled and organized administrative power given to Nebuchadnezzar was declared to be golden.  This power was taken away because the kings of Babylon did not “break off their sins by righteousness and their iniquities by shewing mercy”.  Dan. 4: 27.  It was succeeded by the “Inferior” Persian Kingdom, whose power was only silver in comparison; for Darius could not withstand his nobles and deliver Daniel from the lions’ den. Dan. 6.  The Persian Kingdom, with its cruelty, oppression, and luxury, was swept away by the extraordinary power of the first King of Greece, Alexander the Great, in the short space of three years and a half.  But the vain glory and ambition of Alexander was terminated by his early death at Babylon, in the thirteenth year of his reign, when he was only thirty-two years of age.  His empire was divided amongst his four greatest generals, Ptolemy, Cassandei, Lysimachus, and Seleucus, after many bloody conflicts, and all the members of his family were slain.  His power, therefore, was only worthy of being denominated brass.



Fourth Kingdom, the Great Roman Empire



We are told that it “shall be strong as iron”, and “break in pieces and bruise all these”, even as iron is the strongest of metals.  But it is only iron and not gold, for the value of governmental power is not measured in the sight of God by its destructive force, but by that capacity whereby righteousness may be established, the poor and the needy delivered, and the oppressor broken in pieces.  Psalm 72.



We now come to an extraordinary condition of things.  The Roman Empire is broken up and divided, as symbolised by the two feet, into the Eastern and Western halves, and by the ten toes, into ten kingdoms.  But it is also entirely changed in its character.  The iron is mixed with potteryware.  The Autocracy is joined to the Democracy.  Those who govern mingle themselves with the seed of men, “but they do not cleave one to another”.  The strength of the iron is not taken away; the power of government remains, but it is accompanied with all the strife and contention of opposing interests which we see around us in this present age of representative governments.  The words “the kingdom shall be divided”, verse 41, chap. 2, plainly refer to the “feet and toes”, while the characteristic “part of potters’ clay and part of iron”, is explained in the next two verses as applying to the nature of the kingdom in its divided condition.



When the democratic form of government is extended over the whole area of the ancient Roman Empire, including the East as well as the West, and the whole becomes divided into ten kingdoms, then will arise a King of extraordinary power out of the eastern half, or that part which was formerly the Ancient Grecian Empire, as indicated in the 8th chapter and 9th verse.



The Prophetic Earth



The greatest extent of the established government of the Ancient Roman Empire may be said to be the whole of Southern and Western Europe, Asia Minor, Syria, the Euphratean valley down to the Persian Gulf (perhaps Persia, Ed.), Palestine, Egypt, the whole of the Northern Shore of Africa beyond the Straits of Gibraltar.  The Northern Boundaries were the Firth of Forth, the Rhine from Rotterdam to Frankfort; then a line through Ratisbon to Vienna; the Danube as far as Belgrade; then a line, first North, afterwards North East, to the river Dniester; then the Dniester to the Black Sea.  This boundary excludes Bohemia, Moravia, and a considerable portion of Hungary.  Ireland is excepted, having never been under the settled government of Rome.



It is evident from the questions of Daniel that the chief interest of the visions in the 7th and 8th chapters centres in the Ten Kingdoms, and especially in the career of “the little horn” at their, head; for we are told in Rev. 17: 12, 13, that the ten kings give their power unto the beast, i.e., to Antichrist, i.e., the little horn, “and his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power”.  “He shall speak great words against the Most High, and shall wear out the saints of the Most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time, times, and the dividing of time”, i.e., for three years and a half.



The degeneracy of governmental power, the cruelty and oppression with which it is exercised, the godless character of its principles, all culminate in the career of Antichrist.  The Apostasy of [of the Church in] this age takes away all hope of the regeneration of the world in this dispensation, and prepares the way for Antichrist.



The Apostasy and the Antichrist



In order to form an adequate conception of the career of this last great despot we must carefully read and study the passages concerned with their contexts.



From these we learn that Antichrist is a person and not a system; that he dominates over the East, and finally sways the sceptre of the ten federated kings of the whole area of the Ancient Roman Empire; that he is a master in the art of craft and diplomacy; that he is a consummate general; that he is the special instrument of Satan; that he is a great blasphemer of God and His Truth.  In the beginning of his career he is an active supporter of the latitudinarian apostate systems of Christendom, symbolised by the harlot. Rev. 17.



In the middle of his career, along with the ten kings, he destroys the harlot, i.e., he destroys or casts to the winds all the outward religious forms and organizations of Apostate Christendom, by which the nations have been intoxicated and deluded.  He also assumes absolute despotic power over the Roman earth.  After this revolution is accomplished, he sets up his own idolatrous and blasphemous worship in the temple at Jerusalem - the false prophet causing those who will not worship to be put to death.  He also takes away at the same time the daily sacrifice set up by the Jews under the protection of the covenant referred to in Daniel 9: 27, and Isaiah 28: 15, 18.  All under his rule, who will not acknowledge his sway, are put to death: therefore Christ warns every one in Judaea to flee unto the mountains when they “see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the Prophet stand in the Holy Place (whoso, readeth let him understand)”, Matt. 24: 15, 16.  This is the sign given by Christ to His disciples that His own coming is at hand, for immediately after the tribulation of those days, which lasts for the period of three years and a half, the heavens are darkened, and the earth is shaken, and the Son of Man is seen “coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory”.



Christ said to His disciples, “Verily, I say unto you, this generation shall not pass till all these things be fulfilled”, Matt. 24: 34.  The word “generation” is here misleading unless it is understood in the extended sense of the generation of this age, which is unquestionably the right meaning and use of the word in this connection.  See Matt. 24: 34. Mark 13: 30. Luke 21: 32.  The solemn events referred to in all these passages are plainly the Coming of the Son of Man as the lightning; the gathering of the Saints from the four winds of heaven, with the great sound of a trumpet in the First Resurrection at His Coming in Glory; and the deliverance and restoration of a remnant of the Jews at Jerusalem, after they have passed through the last great tribulation, and their enemies have been “scattered as a rolling thing before the whirlwind”, and “as a dream in a night vision”.  See Dan. 12: 1. Isaiah 17: 13; 29: 7.



We, therefore, see that in Dan. 2: 33 and 40-43, we have symbolised and set forth in general terms the nature of the governmental power of the Roman Empire, first in its imperial, and lastly in its democratic condition; while in chapter 7: 7-9 and 19-25, we have the manner in which this power is exercised, not only in its imperial, but also in its final condition of the ten kingdoms of the Roman earth under the iron sway of the “little horn”, “dreadful and terrible and strong exceedingly”.



Messiah - The Stone



But in “the stone” hewn out of the mountain “without hands”, grinding the image to powder; and in the destruction of the fourth beast, when its body is given to the burning flame, 2: 34, 35 and 44, 45, 7: 11 and 26, we see fulfilled the words of the Apostle Paul, “Then shall that Wicked One be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the breath of His mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of His coming: whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders”.  2 Thess. 2: 7-9.



It is, therefore, a grievous mistake to imagine that “the stone” represents the preaching of the Gospel in this dispensation.  The Gospel does not “break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms”, so that “no place is found for them”, only the “rod of iron” will do this. Ps. 2: 9; Isa. 8: 9; 11: 4.  Rev. 2: 26-28; 12: 5; 9: 15.



When “the stone” becomes a great mountain, “the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven is given to the people of the saints of the Most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey Him”.



Let us now look at the last four verses of the 9th chapter of Daniel.   In the 24th verse we find a rich promise of blessing to Daniel’s people, and his holy city, revealed as a gracious answer to his prayer and confession.  After the expiration of seventy sevens of years (not weeks or days), the greatest blessings would come upon Israel and Jerusalem, viz: the fullness of the blessing of the Gospel of Peace, the transgression finished, sins ended, iniquity pardoned through the great reconciliation in Christ, everlasting righteousness established, and the most Holy Place anointed.



But how are these four hundred and ninety years determined?  For none of these things have yet come to Israel as a people and to Jerusalem as a city.  Jerusalem is still “trodden down of the Gentiles”, Luke 21: 24, and it has not yet undergone the special treading down mentioned in Rev. 11: 2.



The Seventy Sevens are Divided

Into Three Periods



The first consists of seven times seven, or forty-nine years, and is occupied by the rebuilding of Jerusalem from the edict of Artaxerxes, Neh. 2, after the Babylonian Captivity.  The second consists of three score and two sevens, or four hundred and thirty-four years, and extends, without a break, from the restoration of Jerusalem to the death of Christ.  After this there is an unmeasured gap, during which Jerusalem is taken by the Romans, the temple is destroyed, and desolating wars are determined.  Nearly nineteen centuries of this great gap have now passed away.  The last period of seven years is plainly not fulfilled until “He, the Prince that shall come”, i.e., Antichrist has confirmed a covenant of seven years with the Jews in Jerusalem.  In the middle of the covenant he will put a stop to the ancient sacrifices, revived in unbelief, and set up the abomination of desolation of his own blasphemous and idolatrous worship; “but he shall be broken without hand”, Dan. 8: 25.



The Three Last Chapters of Daniel

must be read as one.



In the 10th chapter we have an extraordinary revelation of the glory and power of the angelic world.  In order to receive the message of the vision, Daniel needed to be miraculously sustained.  The angel sent to him at the commencement of his fast was withstood by the Prince of Persia, the angel of Satan.  Thus it is revealed to us that there is conflict in heavenly places, for Satan and his angels are not yet cast out.  As Satan withstood the Angel of God in delivering the message of instruction to Daniel, so he is now ever seeking to prevent Christians from understanding the words that are written, by every conceivable deception and falsehood.



In the 11th chapter, after referring to the three kings of Persia - to a king noted for his riches (Xerxes), to a mighty king (Alexander), whose kingdom was broken and divided amongst his four generals - we have in the 5th to the 20th verses an account of the conflicts between the kings of the north and the kings of the south, i.e., of Syria and Egypt.  Then in the 20th to the 32nd verses we have the career of Antiochus Epiphanes, terminating with the exploits of the Maccabees, B.C. 167-107.  The first part of the verse 33 then refers to the preaching of the Gospel in the Apostolic Age; the latter half to the siege of Jerusalem, and the scattering of the Jews for “days” - an indefinite period.  Verses 34 and 35 refer to events taking place towards the end of “this age”, with special reference to the Jews.*


* “Dr. Tregelles assigns all the verses 21-45 to the career of Antichrist and the verses 5-12 to events which immediately precede his career, and we think Dr. Tregelles was right.” – S.G.A.T. Ed.



In verses 36 to 45 we have another prophetic description of the career of Antichrist.  We are told that he shall do according to his will, like Alexander the Great (see verse 3) and he shall prosper till the indignation is accomplished.  He will dominate over the “glorious land”, and set up his palace on the holy mountain.  But terrible reverses will come.  The semi-barbarous nations of Asia will sweep down upon and overwhelm the great city of his wealth and glory, even Babylon.  On his way to recover his possessions he will determine “utterly to make away” with the Jews in Judaea and Jerusalem; and for this purpose he will gather together the greatest armed host of the ten kingdoms which the world will ever see.  See Joel 2: 2. Rev. 6: 13, 14. Zech 12: 3, 4.



But God will intervene, and Christ will appear in glory.  Then shall His saints be gathered, His people delivered, and His enemies be scattered and destroyed.






We have mentioned Babylon.  Many will be startled at the association of this city with a future personal Antichrist.  They will say, “but is not Babylon swept away and done with, never to be heard of again  We would ask all such carefully to read all the passages in the Bible concerning Babylon, and they will find that the prophecies respecting the character and destruction of Babylon in the Old and New Testament are identical; and history shews that they have not yet been fulfilled.  They have not been fulfilled by the Persian, Grecian, or Roman Monarchies.  In 330 B.C. Alexander the Great drew up his army before Babylon, wondering whether he should be opposed or not, and intending to make it the capital of his universal empire.  In A.D. 64, Peter wrote his epistle from Babylon, and in A.D. 500, the Jews issued the Babylonian Talmud.  There remains to this day the city of Hillah, built out of the ruins of Babylon, and containing a population of several thousands.  History shows that Babylon has only very gradually decayed, and has never been suddenly and completely destroyed.  But prophecy shows that the land of Shinar is yet to become a great centre of commerce.  The vision of the Ephah, the symbol of commerce, in Zech. 5: 5-11, plainly shows that a system of commerce, in a commercial age, associated with wickedness, will be established with great rapidity in the land of Shinar, i.e., in the land of which Babylon is the centre and the capital.  In Rev. 7 and 8 we have a vivid description of the moral and material character of this great city.  It is full of western wealth, eastern luxury, and apostate wickedness.  Its great ones are the merchants of the earth.  But in one hour its judgment shall come.  After the city has been taken, as described in Isaiah 13, God will make her like unto Sodom and Gomorrah, and they shall see the smoke of her burning afar off.



Superhuman power destroyed the cities of the plain, and the same power will, in like manner, destroy the great city of Babylon.



Let us not be led astray by the popular fallacy that Babylon means Rome.  This is often said to be proved by Rev. 17: 5. 9 and 18.  But what is a mystery?  Something hid until mentioned or foretold, in order to reveal it to the eye of faith.  When the Apostle Paul said (2 Thess. 2: 7) “the mystery of iniquity doth already work, and will work, until it be developed out of the midst (not taken away) and the Lawless One be revealed”, he spoke of something not yet manifested.  So with the mystery of the Gentiles becoming fellow [joint] heirs [with Christ (Rom. 8: 17b)] of the [millennial] kingdom of God.  So with the glorious change at the First Resurrection of those who are Christ’s at His Coming.  Col. 1: 26, 27. 1 Cor. 15.  So with the future Babylon.  It is a mystery, Babylon foretold and visible to the instructed eye of faith.



Again, the Seven Mountains are symbols, just as the harlot who sits upon them is a symbol, being equivalent in their meaning to the seven heads, and indicating a unity of governmental power.



The present tense, verse 18, is constantly used in the prophetic word.



Babylon means Babylon

just as Jerusalem means Jerusalem, and Rome means Rome.  Rome papal as well as pagan has surely enough to answer for.  We do not detract from the fearful burden of guilt resting on Roman Catholicism when we say emphatically that the Papacy is not the Antichrist, and that Babylon is not Rome.



There is, therefore, no necessity for the fiction of the Year-day Theory; and the periods, the last half of the seven years; time, times, and a half; forty and two months; one thousand two hundred and sixty days; must be taken literally as the time of the full domination of the Antichrist, and in no sense as standing a day for a year, and measuring the duration of the Papacy.



The operations of Antichrist centre round Jerusalem and the East, and not round Rome and the West.



In the 12th chapter, Daniel is told that “at that time, i.e., during the career of Antichrist, there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation, even to that same time; and at that time his people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book”.  This is the great tribulation referred to by our Lord in Matt. 24: 21, and Mark 13: 19, which takes place immediately before His Coming in Glory.  It cannot, therefore, refer to the siege of Jerusalem by Titus.  Further, the Jews were not delivered at or immediately after the siege of  Jerusalem, but were scattered far and wide among the nations.



First Resurrection



It is at this time also that the First Resurrection takes place of all those that are Christ’s at His Coming, 1 Cor. 15: 23.*  But we also read in Rev. 14: 9-12, that those who are the followers of Antichrist are finally judged at this same time.



Therefore in verses 2 and 3 of Dan. 12, we have both events referred to.  These verses cannot refer to the final resurrection, for this does not take place until the end of the thousand years: see Rev. 20: 5.  For then [i.e., at ‘the final resurrection’], not some but “all that are in the graves shall hear His voice, and shall come forth - they that have done good until the resurrection of life and they that have done evil unto the resurrection of damnation”.  John 5: 28.**



This will include all the saints who have died during the thousand years; for death is not abolished until the final judgment at the end of the Millennial Age.  See Rev. 20: 14.



Daniel is again told in the most solemn manner that this time of trouble shall last for time, times, and a half; that when “he (that is the personal Antichrist) shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy people, all these things shall be finished”.



In Rev. 13: 5, we have precisely the same period mentioned, during which the ten horns, i.e., the ten kings, are crowned, and during which Antichrist pursues his terrible career of blasphemy unchecked, except by the testimony and miraculous power of the two witnesses in Jerusalem.  See Rev. 11.



We may notice here that a leopard is used to symbolise Antichrist, Rev. 13: 2, with the feet of a bear, and the mouth of a lion - the beasts which symbolise Persia and Babylon.   But in Dan. 7 a leopard is the symbol of the Grecian Empire, thus confirming the Grecian origin of Antichrist taught in Dan. 8.



It is not to be wondered at that the Prophet Daniel should be troubled with such extraordinary revelations, and that he should cry, “O my Lord, what shall be the end of these things  But he is consoled with the promise that “many shall be purified and made white and tried; but the wicked shall do wickedly; and none of the wicked shall understand, but the wise shall understand.  Blessed is he that waiteth and cometh to the thousand, three hundred and five and thirty days.  But go thou thy way till the end be, for thou shalt rest, and stand in thy lot at the end of the days”, i.e., of these days.






1* “It is at this time also that the First Resurrection takes place of all those that are Christ’s at His Coming, 1 Cor. 15: 23


When we read in scripture that God said to Noah: “I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life” (Gen. 6: 17, A.V.), do we interpret the word “all” in this passage as meaning God will destroy every creature “wherein is the breath of life”?  No, because when we compare this statement with previous statements which He had made, we know that Noah and those with him in the ark were not to be destroyed.


When we look at the sentence above in the author’s writing, should we understand the word ‘all’ to mean all the dead redeemed people of God will be resurrected at this time?  No, because there will be a judgment after the time of Death and before the time of the “First Resurrection”, Heb. 9: 27; Rev. 20: 4-6.


When Paul says, “For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive.  But each in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; then they that are Christ’s at [the time of] his coming… (1 Cor. 15: 22)…” Should we interpret that to mean all the holy dead will be “made alive” - by means of Resurrection – at this time?  Certainly not, for He has stated in 1 Thess. 4: 16, “the dead in Christ shall rise first” - and in that text the word ‘all’ is nowhere to be found!  Why not?  Simply because, we read in Phil. 3: 11; Heb. 11: 35b; Luke 14: 14; Luke 20: 35, of a resurrection of reward; hence, the need to (1) “attain unto”; (2) to refuse to succumb when “tortured [Lit. Gk. ‘beaten to death’] for one’s faith; (3) to be prepared, when called upon by Christ, to surrender everything as the context shows, (vv. 18-21); and (4) and to be “accounted worthy to obtain that world [age], and the resurrection from the dead  See Mr. G. H. Lang’s writings in “An Important Text (2)



2 **There will be those Christians who reject any teaching of a select resurrection of reward by quoting John who says, “Who is he that overcometh the world but he that believeth that Jesus is the son of God  They conclude from this text that, on the basis of faith alone by saying: “All believers therefore who die in Christ will be raised at the first Resurrection and reign with Christ a thousand years”!  And they conclude by saying, -“a clear perversion of the teaching of the Resurrection and Christ’s reign on the earth  A statement similar to what we hear from the Anti-Millenarians!


If we are to believe that, then we must conclude (1) there will be no standard of personal righteousness required from “disciples” (Matt. 5: 1, 2, 20), to determine who, from amongst the redeemed, will be “accounted worthy to obtain … the resurrection from the dead” (Lk. 20: 35)!  (2) God cannot be a righteous Judge, for He ignores wilful sins and disobedience in His redeemed people, (Heb. 10: 26-39)!  (3) There is be no on-going judgment of believers during this life or after the time of Death in Hades, (Luke 16: 19-31)!  (4) The universal law of the harvest cannot affect us, because we will not reap what we sow!  (5) We are at liberty to reject any words of warning to disciples by our Lord Jesus Christ and His Apostles!  (6) The ‘wicked’ and “slothful” servants will all rise at the same time!  Finally, (7) Every Christian will inherit the millennial kingdom, for there is no ‘race’ to run (1 Cor. 9: 24), no inheritance which we can lose (Eph. 5: 1-7), no‘crown’ which we can lose (Rev. 3: 11), and no reward for good works will be given, (Col. 3: 24; 1 Cor. 15: 58.)! 


Is this what our Lord and His Apostles teach us throughout the scriptures of truth?  Is this what we are expect to believe?  NO.  A thousand times, No: but the Devil is busy using multitudes of God’s redeemed people to oppose these responsibility truths, and to encourage other Christians to separate themselves from everyone who seeks to make them known by their writing, preaching and teachings, (1 Tim. 4: 1; 2 Tim. 4: 14-18)!]




(Psalm 124: 1, 2)


“The author of these lines, who died after acute suffering, sent them to us not long before his death.   Above the poem these words are written:- ‘This poem has cost be terrible baffling with the Evil One.’ – D. M. Panton.



Had it not been for thorns that left be bleeding,

For bitter blasts that blew my will aside,

I should have miss’d the tender love and leading

That follow’d me to save my wandering wide.



Had it not been for disappointment’s moulding,

For raised ideals, for broken hopes so fair,

I should have been unconscious of God’s holding

That lifted me from valleys of despair.



Had it not been for dire and sore heart-burning,

For closed-in walls, and depleted store,

I should have fail’d to take the God-ward turning

And miss’d the thrust to love Him and adore.



Had it not been for earthly wealth withholden,

For paths of penury that seemed my lot,

I should have unapprais’d God’s rich golden,

And fail’d to gage the truth, ‘He faileth not



Had it not been for the One Hope of Glory

That the Lord Jesus Christ shall come again,

I should have lost the heart of Heaven’s story,

But now I know that He must come to reign.



Had it not been!  O mercy grand and glorious

Which proves the worth of what His Word doth mean;

His blood-tears stain’d the earth - and still victorious

Reveal what man may be through what has been!